Alice in Wonderland-Genre, Context and Audience
– Main audience, children between the aged 8 and up because it is violent in scenes, further research shows that it earned a PG rating is because of the smoking caterpillar (http://m.jezebel.com/5486801/alice-in-wonderland-refreshingly-feminist-lacks-heart) . It is also for families. Another audience is fans of the novel and previous film adaptations. Also fans of Tim Burton and the actors in the cast.
-there are 21 other film and television adaptations (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alice_in_Wonderland_%28disambiguation%29)
-Newest version (2010) and the first to be made in 3D and is the first film that Tim Burton has made using 3D.
-Set in 19th century (see previous post)
-Alice goes against hegemonic values, is independent, and has feminist views. Most critics thought the Alice was the main feminist character because she is a female and is the hero/main character of the story. “Alice in Wonderland” is not just a refreshingly feminist version of the classic hero quest but a forum for a terrific breakout performance from newcomer Mia Wasikowska.” http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/03/04/AR2010030401889.htm
Further research into feminist themes showed that the Mad Hatter is also a feminist character
“2. Despite her girl power, Alice is not the most feminist character in the movie. The most feminist character in Tim Burton’s Alice in Wonderland is the Mad Hatter.
There is a big controversy in feminist literature over whether a man can be “a feminist” or not. I would like to sidestep that discussion to some degree, since The Mad Hatter has no reason to assert that he is a feminist.
I think that it may be easier to see, that in order to have a feminist society, men will have to act differently than they do in a patriarchal society. For that reason, when looking at any work of fiction, determining if it is feminist should include evaluating if there are any male characters who model the kind of behavior towards women that feminists would value. And, in this measure, I think that the Mad Hatter fits the bill, as a non-sexist, woman-supportive, feminist-minded, male character.
The Mad Hatter is a positive force for a feminist society for a variety of reasons. He is kind to Alice, who is both female and a young person. He is supportive of women in leadership roles: He is a supporter of the White Queen (a woman leader, and the better royal in the movie) and a supporter of Alice. In addition, The Mad Hatter models feminist and non-coercive support for Alice, because he does not demand that Alice battles the Jabberwocky, but asks reflective questions and offers her support as she decides what to do.
Furthermore, The Mad Hatter does not judge people based solely on gender. He is as willing to dislike the Red Queen, with her bad character and her bad behavior, as he is to admire Alice and The White Queen.”
I did some research about the writer Linda Woolverton and found that she is known for her feminist views and has worked on a number Disney animations, including Mulan which has also feminist views.
“Interviewed for a New York Times piece, Woolverton explained her approach to characterizing Alice: She says she “did a lot of research on Victorian mores, on how young girls were supposed to behave, and then did exactly the opposite.” Reader, I believe her.
Woolverton believes it’s important to “depict strong-willed, empowered women,” she says, “because women and girls need role models … who are empowered have an opportunity to make their own choices, difficult choices, and set out on their own road.””